Modern Essay

Essay On Swachha Bharat Abhiyan

Essay On Swachha Bharat Abhiyan

I think toilets are more important than temples. No matter how many temples we go to, we are not going to get salvation. We need to give priority to toilets and cleanliness. -Jairam Ramesh


India, that is Bharat, is the Land of Inner Light. It is created by God. So it is also called ‘Ajanabha Varsha’. It was, in the hoary past, a land of Beauty with an amalgam of religions, cultures and racial groups. But with the train of Time, the Beauty withered away and our thoughts were polluted.

Its Origin:

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (also called as the Clean India Mission or Drive) is not of the recent origin of the Government. It was the brain child of Gandhi during the freedom struggle. He dreamt of a clean India with better hygiene and sanitation. For the first time, he launched his drive for the Harijans and the slum-dwellers and later on extended to other pockets of society. He used to say in his speech “Sanitation and cleanliness are more important than Independence.”

Its components:

Now it is a natural level campaign in order to cover all the backward statutory towns to make them clean. This campaign involves the construction of latrines, promoting sanitation in rural pockets, cleaning streets, roads and changing the infrastructure of the country to lead the country ahead. In order to fulfill the uncherised dream of Gandhi and to make India clean, this cleanliness drive was officially launched by our beloved PM, Shri Narendra Damodardas Modi on 2nd October in 2014 on the eve of
celebrating 150th Birth Anniversary of M.K. Gandhi at Rajghat, New Delhi. The Government has aimed to make Bharat a clean India by 2nd October 2019. While addressing the Parliament, His Excellency the President of India Shri Pranab Mukherjee said in June-2014 that, “For ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation, a Swachh Bharat Mission will be launched. This
will be our tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th Birth Anniversary to be celebrated in the year 2019.”

Its motto:

The motto of this campaign is “one step to cleanliness”
(Ek Kadam swacchata ki Aur). The mission aims to cover 4,041 statutory towns to clean the streets, roads, and infrastructure of India. This drive has targeted all the segments of society. All the categories of people have accepted this campaign with strong fervour and participation. Now the seed which was planted by Gandhi has become a full-grown tree and all the gardeners have nurtured with care and kiss under the stewardship of a gardener, Shri Narendra Damodardas Modi. He asked all the citizens of India including sports legends, business bees, cine stars etc for it. For the first time in the annals of history, Indians saw the celebrities to clean the street. It may be their outward fashion yet they came forward and contributed to some extent. Modi invited 9 public figures because he knows that the General public are the hero-worshippers.

How it works:

Every citizen begs and demands from India. But what have we contributed to our motherland? We have social responsibilities towards our country because Mother and motherland are superior to heaven. Modiji asked every Indian to spend 100 hours annually in this campaign. No sanitation workers, appointed by the Government can make our cities clean. It is the prime duty of a citizen to embrace with gratitude. No speech of Modi, Baba Rama Dev, and Sachin Tendulkar can mould the citizens to adopt cleanliness. If they will want, then India will be clean India.

Through the campaign, the Government would solve the
sanitation problems by enhancing the waste management
techniques. On 25th September 2014, Modiji himself cleaned the road and ushered the path for others. It will enhance the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth, draw the tourists, reduce health costs, reduce mortality rate, reduce lethal diseases, provides employments, enhances economic conditions, etc.

The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan cess is also raised for this campaign. Everyone has to pay an extra 50 paisa per 100 rupees on all the services in India. Recently, the Honourable CM of Uttar Pradesh Yogi Aditya Nath has also started a cleanliness drive in UP to ensure cleanliness. He has banned gutkha, eating paan (betel) and other tobacco products in the Government offices. Earlier Many awareness programs such as the Total Sanitation Campaign. Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, Gramina Swachha Bharat Mission, Swachha-Bharat-Swachha Vidyalay, etc, were launched in rural areas but of no avail.

The main objectives of the cleanliness drive are to remove the trend of open defecation, changing insanitary toilets, remove manual scavenging, dispose of solid and liquid wastes, bring behavioral changes, aware the people for sanitation and cleanliness, etc. The campaign aims to cover 1.04 crore households in order to provide those 2.6 lakhs of public toilets, etc. The cost of the project are heavy.


Cleanliness is next to Godliness. This campaign will no doubt bring the godliness all over the country if all the citizens with humbleness embrace it. We need clean and green India. So make our mindset clean so that we can welcome this drive. The vision of Bapu is in our hands. We can make or mar it. We may conquest any planet, it does not matter. But the first and foremost duty is to conquest our homes