Approximately 80% of our air pollution stems from hydrocarbons released by vegetation. So, let’s not go overboard in setting and enforcing tough emission standards from man-made sources.
What is air?
Air is a mechanical mixture of certain ingredients like nitrogen (78%), oxygen (21%), carbon dioxide (03%), water vapour, dust particles and other gases of lesser percentage. This is the ideal state of the air. If the components like carbon dioxide, dust particles, etc accumulate more in the atmosphere, we say our air is polluted.
What pollutes the air?
We, human beings, our mills, machines, vehicles pollute the air. All that we do to live and make our life better or make our civilization glitter harm the atmosphere. When we breathe out or cook our meals on firewood, burn the dead-bodies, move on our carriers, run our mills, crush the boulders, produce iron and steel, and send rockets into the air, and bombard our enemy bases, we pollute air which like a mother keeps us living and like a father protects us from harmful effects. Even our small refrigerator pollutes. Our pesticides/insecticides also have their roles in this game.
However, air pollutions can be primary or secondary. Primary, pollutants are carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, Chloro Fluoro Carbon (CFC), sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and the like. Secondary pollutants are acid rain and Ozone.
Price of pollution:
In Bharat, air pollution is much more in urban areas. The price of pollution is too great to comprehend. Pollution tells upon our health. Humanity has started to pay heavy penalties for this crime. Strange diseases are appearing every now and then. It affects the cardiovascular system beyond treatment.
How can we check pollution?
Pollution cannot be put an end to. The atmosphere cannot remain in an ideal state. However, we must minimize pollution. Our industrial effusion and emissions must be properly treated before being released. We must minimize the use of our vehicles. For small distances, let us prefer bi-cycles or walking.
The afforestation program is prescribed for the purpose. We have cut down many trees. This is deforestation. Let us not fell more trees than required. We must reduce our demand for wooden furniture.
There are some other prescriptions that look minor but effect tremendously. We must not burn dead bodies on a wooden pyre. They should be burnt in electrical furnaces Public defecation is to be forbidden. Smoking in public places should be banned.
The Government, the environmentalists, and social workers have come to the forefront to educate and warn people against this hazard. Enactments have been made to check this menace. We are to co-operate with them and make this awareness program a success, Let us start protecting our air from today, for tomorrow is too late.